Diabetes is the number one cause of blindness in our country. Diabetes is a metabolic disease which occurs when there blood glucose level is high due to low insulin production or body’s inability to respond to insulin. Individuals who are overweight, high blood pressure, have a family of Diabetes and/or are 45 years of age are at risk of getting this disease. Controlling diabetes can prevent or delay vision loss due to Diabetes. This can be done by taking prescribed medications, maintaining a healthy diet, and increasing physical activity. Everybody who suffers from Diabetes should have their eyes checked regularly by their eye physician.
Diabetic Eye Diseases:
- Diabetic retinopathy: high blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels found in your retina. This damage can cause blood vessels to leak hence distorting your vision.
- Diabetic macular edema (DME): is the swelling of the tissue in the macula. This edema or swelling disturbs your central vision which is used for reading, driving or watching TV.
- Cataracts: the clouding of the natural lens of the eye. A cataract can be removed surgically and an artificial lens inserted to improve your vision.
- Glaucoma: a disease that damages the optic nerve due to high pressure inside the eye.
Many are not aware of the potential complications your eyes may incur due to Diabetes. Consult with your doctor on way you can create a healthier lifestyle. Your body will thank you!